DREPT COMERCIAL ROMAN CARPENARU PDF

The creditor of the non-executed obligation can request damages as well. In reciprocal contracts in which each party is a credit as well as a debtor of the bond created through the contract, the delayed payment penalties should extend to all participants, otherwise they might be invoked by the interested party as an abusive clause. Among penalty roles we can include the following: Delay penalties act as interest rates or delay increases. Therefore, it stajciu not mandatory that in order for the main obligation to be fulfilled a pecuniary expressed penalty is provided; it can also be a benefit of a different nature.

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Asa cum se cunoaste, in opinia noastra, sub imperiul sistemului monist de reglementare a raporturilor de drept privat, consacrat de noul Cod civil, dreptul comercial continua sa existe, dar fundamentat pe noile concepte de intreprindere si profesionist, reglementate de Codul civil.

Adoptarea sistemului monist a determinat o schimbare, sub aspect normativ, in privinta izvoarelor dreptului comercial. In trecut, raporturile comerciale erau reglementate de Codul comercial, iar in subsidiar de Codul civil art.

In prezent, raporturile comerciale, indeosebi cele obligationale, sunt guvernate de Codul civil, care are o aplicare generala pentru raporturile de drept privat art. Avand in vedere aceasta realitate, precum si criteriile de impartire a normelor juridice in ramuri de drept, in prezent, dreptul comercial constituie o subramura a dreptului civil. Aprobarea si importanta normelor juridice care reglementeaza organizarea si desfasurarea activitatii comerciale, cuprinse in Codul civil si, mai ales, in legile speciale, impun ca aceasta materie sa fie cercetata in cadrul unei discipline juridice distincte — dreptul comercial.

In aceasta editie au fost avute in vedere modificarile aduse actelor normative in vigoare, iar analizele problemelor abordate au fost completate cu noi informatii bibliografice si jurisprudenta. Am credinta ca si aceasta lucrare va fi folositoare celor interesati de cunoasterea reglementarilor legale privind activitatea comerciala studenti, masteranzi, cercetatori, practicieni ai dreptului etc.

Este vorba de posibilitatea extinderii activitatii societatii in alte localitati sau in chiar localitatea unde isi are sediul societatea. O atare extindere se poate realiza prin infiintarea unor sucursale si filiale, care sa desfasoare aceeasi activitate comerciala, ca si societatea care se constituie.

Pentru asemenea cazuri, Legea nr. Trebuie aratat ca infiintarea de sucursale sau filiale ale societatii poate fi hotarata de asociati si dupa constituirea societatii, in cursul existentei acesteia. Dar, in asemenea cazuri, infiintarea sucursalelor sau filialelor impune o modificare a actelor constitutive ale societatii, care se realizeaza in conditiile art.

In cele ce urmeaza vom examina regimul juridic al sucursalelor si filialelor, precum si conditiile de infiintare a acestora, concomitent cu constituirea societatii comerciale. Regimul juridic al sucursalelor si filialelor.

Tinand seama ca, in trecut, lipsa unei reglementari legale a dat nastere unor confuzii, O. Potrivit art 43 din Legea nr. Sucursala nu are patrimoniu propriu; ea este dotata de societata cu anumite bunuri, cu scopul de a desfasura o activitate economica, care intra in obiectul de activitate al societatii. Sucursala dispune de o anumita autonomie, in limitele stabilite de societate. Transportul este gratuit prin curier rapid, oriunde in Romania, pentru orice comanda de minimum 75 de lei.

Pentru orice solicitare apelati call center-ul Libris de luni pana vineri intre orele Altii au comandat si

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Tratat de drept comercial roman

Conventional evaluation has two methods: In financial contracts, all penal clauses are mandatory. Therefore, it is not mandatory that in order for the main obligation to be dreptt a pecuniary expressed penalty is provided; it can also be a benefit of a foman nature. Universul Juridic, Stanciulescu Liviu — Curs tratat de drept comercial carpenaru drept civil. The contract is, throughout the world, the judicial mechanism essential to economic activity. In fact, the role of the penal clause is to estimate and cover the contingent prejudice in case of contractual non-fulfillment. The creditor of the non-executed obligation can comedcial damages as well. For the contractual liability to exist, the following conditions are mandatory:.

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Tratat de drept comercial roman ed.5 - Stanciu D. Carpenaru

The National Bank of Romania is not a regular participant in the bankruptcy procedure; however, its permanent presence and the control exercised in relation to such procedure are obvious. Romanian commercial law6th editionop. Delay tratat cometcial drept comercial carpenaru represent sanctions for failing to fulfill on term payment obligations and are calculated rdept each day of delay starting with the next day after the due date and until the entire owed sum is paid. The creditor of the non-executed obligation can request damages as well. The penal clause is therefore a counterparty convention resulted from their act of will through which the transgression is clearly established and for which penalties will be paid as well as their quantum. It can be cimercial and inserted from the beginning as an accessory clause of the main contract or as a separate crept established by an addendum to the main contract. House, Bucharest,p.

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