Vudolar Armoured glove, from the mass graves, Visby] Cutting wounds were split into two groups, those which showed hacking evidence but finished at the bone and those which actually severed the bone were Amazon Music Stream millions of songs. Thaddaeus Mercer rated it really liked it Jun 26, This one bisected his face, opening a crevice that ran from his left eye to his right jaw. King Valdemar appointed sheriffs to govern Visby and then set sail again. The island would be disputed over by the House of Mecklenburg and the Danish crown untilwhen Queen Margaret the daughter of the late King Valdemar officially claimed the island for Denmark. ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics. The final ones were found outside the gates of Visby, a walled city.
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Construction[ edit ] The plates number anywhere from eight or ten to the hundreds depending on their size. The plates overlap, usually enough to guarantee full coverage even when moving around and fighting. The coat of plates is similar to several other armours such as lamellar , scale and brigandine.
Unlike scale armour which has plates on the outside or splint armour in which plates can be inside or outside, a coat of plates has the plates on the inside of the foundation garment. It is generally distinguished from a brigandine by having larger plates, though there may be no distinction in some examples. He interprets the backplates of his coat of arms as vertically arranged lames held in place beneath leather or fabric by horizontal rows of rivets, like on some of the Visby plates.
The Visby coats of plates display between 8 and some separate plates fastened to their backings. Many of these were older styles similar to the armoured surcoat discussed below.
Development[ edit ] The early coat of plates is often seen with trailing cloth in front and back, such as seen on the St. Maurice coat. There is debate regarding whether the plates inside the armoured surcoat overlapped, but the armour is otherwise similar.
Quantitatively speaking, however, most of the known evidence for coat of plates and brigandines dated from 14th and 15th centuries actually displays arrangements of overlapping plates; and although there are exceptions to this rule, they are not many. Presumably, the development and the latter popularization of this type of harness is directly linked to the knightly needs for better protection against cavalry lances, since the former protection of mail and aketon made the horseman vulnerable only to such strikes.
Detail of a German manuscript. This is the earliest evidence for a coat of plates in 13th century art. The earliest use of iron plate reinforcements is recorded by Guillaume le Breton . In his Phillippidos, prince Richard - latter King Richard I of England - is described wearing a ferro fabricata patena at a jousting tournament in Such iron breastplate, like latter references of early developments of such harness, was described being worn under the hauberk , thus not being visible when all the armor was properly worn.
The evidence that such new harness is firstly mentioned at jousting reinforces the assumption that such developments were designed to protect against lance strikes. Such match of using the new iron reinforcements under traditional armour is usually described by latter sources, which explains why this sort of armour so seldom appears in illustrations and statuary before the late 13th century. The fact that German men-at-arms often are described with these armor in art or military records under foreign lands might suggest they were behind their popularization in Europe by that time.
The coat of plates worn by German knights at the battles of Benevento in and Tagliacozzo in rendered them nearly invincible against French sword blows, until the French realized the German armpits were poorly protected. The later Hirdskraa of the s calls it a plata, informing that it should be worn beneath the hauberk , permitting it only to the highest ranks of Scandinavian military, from skutilsvein knight and up.
Mathias Goll stresses that while plate armour was more effective, the segmented armour could be "lighter and more flexible while it left less "dangerous" chinks". The segmented armour also put fewer demands on the craftsman, requiring fewer tools and less skill, also being prominently cheaper. As a consequence, the "older" types could remain in production alongside more "modern" developments. Fashionable considerations played their part alongside the question of wearer comfort and levels of protection.
In that same year, a Lombard merchant brought to Brugge the huge amount of 5, coats-of-plates, alongside other equipments. After being replaced by plate armour amongst the elite, similar garments could still be found in the 15th century, as the brigandine.
Coat of plates
Construction[ edit ] The plates number anywhere from eight or ten to the hundreds depending on their size. The plates overlap, usually enough to guarantee full coverage even when moving around and fighting. The coat of plates is similar to several other armours such as lamellar , scale and brigandine. Unlike scale armour which has plates on the outside or splint armour in which plates can be inside or outside, a coat of plates has the plates on the inside of the foundation garment. It is generally distinguished from a brigandine by having larger plates, though there may be no distinction in some examples.
ARMOUR FROM THE BATTLE OF VISBY PDF
The Gutes of Gotland paid taxes to the King of Sweden, though the population of Visby was diverse and included people of Ruthenian descent, Danes, and Germans. Antagonism between the city dwellers and the Gutnish country yeomen heightened; the latter were defeated in battle in , despite the aid of knights from Estonia. Forces[ edit ] The Danish force was led by Valdemar IV of Denmark, and composed of Danish and German soldiers, many of them mercenaries from the Baltic coast of Germany, with recent experience in the various feuds and wars between the German and Scandinavian states. These men would have worn what was known as transitional armour , with iron or steel plates over vital areas and joints over a full suit of chain mail. The Gutes were commanded by an unknown leader, probably a minor noble with military experience, and the force composed mainly of other minor nobles, their retinues, and freemen.