That is a mistake as the authors outline how resources can be conserved and the environment protected with complex systems. It connects the sources, the pathways, and the intermediate and final sinks of a material. Because of the law of the conservation of matter, the results of an MFA can be controlled by a simple material balance comparing all inputs, stocks, and outputs of a process. It is this distinct characteristic of MFA that makes the method attractive as a decision-support tool in resource management, waste management, and environmental management.
|Published (Last):||17 July 2010|
|PDF File Size:||9.66 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||7.37 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
That is a mistake as the authors outline how resources can be conserved and the environment protected with complex systems. It connects the sources, the pathways, and the intermediate and final sinks of a material. Because of the law of the conservation of matter, the results of an MFA can be controlled by a simple material balance comparing all inputs, stocks, and outputs of a process.
It is this distinct characteristic of MFA that makes the method attractive as a decision-support tool in resource management, waste management, and environmental management.
Through balancing inputs and outputs, the flows of wastes and environmental loadings become visible, and their sources can be identified. The depletion or accumulation of material stocks is identified early enough either to take countermeasures or to promote further buildup and future utilization.
Moreover, minor changes that are too small to be measured in short time scales but that could slowly lead to long-term damage also become evident. The term resources in this context stands for materials, energy, the environment, and wastes. Emphasis is placed on the linkage between sources, pathways, and sinks of materials, always observing the law of conservation of matter.
This book is a practical handbook directed toward the practitioner. Hence, many case studies, examples, and problems are included. MFA, it is noted, appears to be easy if these steps are followed: define the system, collect the data, calculate the results, and draw conclusions. After the goals of an MFA have been clearly defined, the real art consists of skillfully designing a system of boundaries, processes, flows, and stocks that facilitate solution of a given problem at the least cost.
The first two case studies involve regional lead pollution and regional phosphorous management. These are topics of real environmental concern.
These examples are followed by studies of nutrient pollution in large watersheds and a study of the use of MFA for environmental impact assessment. Other case studies include: 1 resource conservation: nutrient management, copper management, construction wastes management, and plastic wastes management; 2 waste management: use of MFA for waste analysis, MFA to support decisions in waste management; and 3 regional materials management. Problems for student assignment are found throughout the book.
Gary F. Bennett doi The author presents fundamental science relating to combustion, G. For each topic covered, this book thoroughly presents the relevant underlying science, then uses this science to explore the strengths and weaknesses of typical applications such as regulatory requirements and test methods.
A comprehensive review of such a mammoth book is not possible. Moreover, this reviewer is not an expert in the fire science area. But, I am an author and can evaluate the writing and effort that went into writing this book. That task was impressive in scope.
Examine these statistics: pages, 8. I do not recall having seen in recent years a book of such magnitude. At the very least, the book is comprehensive. McCutcheon and Jerald L. Schnoor Eds. Applications are being tested for cleaning up contaminated soil, water, and air. A number of important botanical processes have been discovered, including phytoextraction and hyperaccumulation from soil, plant-assisted microbial degradation of hydrocarbons in soil, use of specific enzymatic processes involved in created wetland treatment, and several other means of transforming and sequestering organic pollutants.
Plant metabolism using sunlight energy and atmospheric carbon dioxide to produce organic matter is fundamentally different from heterotrophic microbial respiration requiring energy, carbon, and nutrients from soil or water. As a result, green plant transformation, conjugation, and sequestration are vital new tools in waste management that are categorized along with methods of vegetative control of pollutants to manage contaminated groundwater plumes and soil. It has become a very popular topic.
The search engine showed citations for phytoremediation This large number is an indication of the increasing popularity of the technique. Each section starts with fundamental contributions that define the state-of-the-science and ends with chapters on the applications of fundamental and heuristic concepts in practical settings.
Emphasis is on the practical aspects of determining causes of fires, with the theoretical underpinnings summarized in a way that should suffice for even advanced practitioners. The book is not meant as an introduction to fire science; readers are presumed to This hefty reference encompasses the field of ignition or, using an older term, inflammation of unwanted fires. The audience is wide, including practitioners involved in investigating past fires as well as engineers seeking to minimize the potential for ignition in the buildings and facilities they design. After coverage of terminology and fundamentals, the well-referenced chapters discuss ignition of gases and vapors, dust clouds, liquids, common solids, and elements, as well as self-heating, explosives and pyrotechnics, external ignition sources, and preventive measures. A section of color plates supports the text, and the final two chapters include information on specific materials and devices, and useful tables.
Ignition Handbook and Database