Dilrajas Hardcoverpages. Please re-enter recipient e-mail address es. Three essays by Dieste himself convey his thoughts on art, culture, and technology. Sonntag rated it it was amazing Apr 25, English Choose a language for shopping.
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It is an innovative structural system using local materials and construction based on engineering and architectural problems that as a result, creating a beauty in its totality and rationality. In this essay, I will examine this innovation on structural art through the work of Eladio Dieste - one of the most famous architects whose work has been carefully studied throughout the years in Latin America.
During the transculturation in Latin America countries, whose architecture has undergone a strong influence from European design principles, Eladio Dieste understood that the elements to define Latin American architecture lie from its distinct national resources of regional materials and use of construction methods.
His opinion that architecture is innovation and by the urge of creating its own image for Latin American architecture, he redefined a new use of technology in construction technique that is based on material articulation and workforce. Brick is a manmade material that is extremely accessible and affordable in Latin America. The use of local materials also highlights sustainable architecture from its long-lasting effects, moral familiarity to local people, and its flexibility to various natural conditions.
From using bricks, Dieste experimented the two principal structural types of Gaussa vault and self-supporting vault. The general concept is using a rectangular plane that folds up on one side, creating a series of caternary curves of varying rise with vertical plane moving along spring joints.
In depth, his experiments in Gaussa vaults that rest on a minimal support require that the vaults can resist bending forces. The astonishing detail of this construction lies from the curvilinear side walls and the connection between them with the roof of the nave.
A roof of Gaussian vault without glazing is self-supported, sitting directly on top of the sidewalls. What makes the church a successful design also derives from the play of illumination and a sense of lightness within the interior.
Canted brick in slanted placement grille with alabaster windows in shielding the skylight shining through the altar, creating an accent light source for spiritual activities. The floorplan is a rectangular with stunning curvilinear self-stabilizing walls carrying continuous double curvature vaults. The interior filters people in a sequence, enhancing complexity in an extremely simplistic manner. An S-shape is configured to be lower and flatter on one side whereas bands of vaults are built next to one another supporting each other.
One interesting fact about this structure is the dazzling long illumination between the edge beams across the building as well as from the simple steel framed windows that embody a sense of lightness. CONCLUSION Latin American architecture is known not as an imitation of architectural methods and cultural influences from developed countries from Europe and North America, but using what has already been done in the past to reinvent to fit with the modern design language that is appropriate for Latin American countries.
Eladio Dieste has accomplished in forming a new system of structural art by practicing with the idea of materiality and construction types economically, socially, and morally.
He conveyed architecture as an effective mean to not only solves engineering problems but also gives birth to spaces that are enchantingly beautiful in a sophisticated humble manner. Eladio Dieste: Innovation in Structural Art. New York: Princeton Architectural, Bernardi, Jose. All pages:.
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