LA RIVOLUZIONE DIMENTICATA LUCIO RUSSO PDF

Ma attenzione! Review of The Forgotten Revolution, Nature , 5 agosto : I suoi libri hanno avuto un impatto profondo; per me hanno cambiato la visione di cosa sia la scienza, la visione della storia, e hanno riorientato i miei interessi culturali. Nel libro Lucio Russo unisce il rigore filologico che ha dimostrato avere nelle altre sue opere di storia della scienza, alla propria perizia di statistico matematico. Russo basa questa deduzione su una serie di calcoli statistici.

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According to Russo, Hellenistic scientists were not simply forerunners, but actually achieved scientific results of high importance, in the fields of "mathematics, solid and fluid mechanics, optics, astronomy, anatomy, physiology, scientific medicine," [4] even psychoanalysis.

Hellenistic scientists, among whom Euclid , Archimedes , Eratosthenes , developed an axiomatic and deductive way of argumentation. When this way of argumentation was dropped, the ability to understand the results were lost as well. Hellenistic science was focused on the city of Alexandria. He engaged in mass purges and expulsions of all intellectuals. He also concludes that the 17th-century scientific revolution in Europe was due in large part to the recovery of Hellenistic science.

With the collapse of the Hellenistic world under the attacks of the Romans around the middle of the 2nd century BC specifically, the destruction of Corinth and Carthage in BC and the expulsion of the scientific elite from Alexandria in BC , these geographic notions were lost. Later Ptolemy incorrectly identified the Blessed Islands with the Canaries and since it was known that the Blessed Islands were at the antipodes relative to the eastern part of China, Ptolemy made ends meet by erroneously enlarging the longitude of all known places, and shrinking the width of a degree of longitude instead of stadia.

With this correction Lucio Russo manages to pinpoint the position of the mythical Thule , reached in the 4th century BC by explorer Pytheas , on the coast of Greenland. In addition he sheds a new light on an obscure sentence of Pliny according to which Hipparchus would have enlarged the ecumene the known world by 26, stadia. Kutler, Read This! Seconda edizione con postfazione di obiezioni e risposte, Milan, Mondadori, ,.

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